Veneer Terms: A-F G-L M-R
|10 Mil Veneer
face of any specie applied to a 10 mil paper back. Although face
thickness may vary, the paper back thickness is consistent.
|2 Ply Veneer
decorative wood veneer face with a utility grade wood backer applied at
an opposing direction to the face veneer. Also referred to as wood on
local sharp depressions in the annual rings, accompanied by
considerable fiber distortions. Once the depressions are formed,
succeeding growth rings follow the same contour for many years. Rotary
veneer cuts the depressions crosswise, and shows a series of circlets
called bird's eyes. It occurs only in a small percentage of Maple trees.
tight mottled figure similar in appearance to a bee's wing. Occurs
mostly in East Indian Satinwood, also occasionally in mahogany and
by an uneven contour of the annual rings. The veneer has the effect of
being blistered. Must be cut rotary or half-round.
irregular variegation in the cellular structure of the wood which shows
as blocky patches across the grain of the veneer. It is commonly found
in makore and anigre.
when successive veneer leaves in a flitch are turned over like the
pages in a book and are glued in this manner. Since the reverse side of
one leaf is a mirror image of the succeeding leaf, the result is a
series pairs. Individual panels can be matched this way or you can
achieve this look over many panels by sequence-matching the panels.
Book matching is the most common match. A common problem in book
matching is when the "tight" and "loose" sides are matched and reflect
light and stains differently. This may yield color variations in some
species which may be minimized by proper finishing techniques.
face of any specie applied to a double paper layer of two 10 mil
papers. With moisture resistant thermoset glue, the overall backer
thickness is 22 mils.
from a large, wartlike growth on the trunk of the tree. The grain
pattern typically resembles a series of eyes laid side by side.
Obviously the veneers leaf sizes are generally small and additionally
are defective. While producing beautiful patterns, burl veneer is
difficult to work with.
when veneers are matched as described for book matching but the ends of
the sheets are also matched. At times, the veneer being used is not
long enough to cover the desired panel heights. In this case the veneer
leaves can also be flipped end for end and the ends matched.
species with large medullary rays are quarter cut to reveal the harder
and shiny rays which show up as flakes or buttons on the straight
grained background.Species such as white oak, lacewood and American
sycamore are cut this way specifically to reveal this figure.
appearance characterized by a series of stacked "V" and inverted "V".
Pattern common in plain-sliced (flat-cut) veneer.
panel face is made with an even number of flitch sheets with a center
line appearing at the midpoint of the panel and an equal number of
veneer sheets on each side of the center line. The number of leaves on
the face are always even, but the widths are not necessarily the same.
slits running parallel to the grain of wood, caused chiefly by strains
produced in seasoning.
four types of core construction used in plywood panels: a) Lumber Core:
Consists of a heavy core of sawn lumber between crossbands. The thick
center core permits doweling, splining and dovetailing. b). Veneer
Core: Method of plywood construction consisting of 3,5,7 or more plies
of veneer laid with grain direction of adjacent plies at right angles
to each other. c). Particle Board: This type of core consists of chips
or flakes of resin-coated wood fused together under heat and pressure
to form a core for plywood. d). Mineral Core: Used for fireproof panel
construction. Veneers are bonded to a hard noncombustible material.
which extend across the grain as mottle, fiddle-back, raindrop and
finger-roll are often called cross figure or cross fire. A pronounced
cross fire adds greatly to the beauty of the veneer.
veneer sheet between the core and face veneer. Its grain runs at right
angles to the grain of adjacent layers, thereby providing the
remarkable stability of hardwood plywood.
figure or irregularity of grain resembling a dip in the grain running
at tight angles, or nearly so, to the width of the veneer.
from the portion of the tree just below the point where it forks into
two limbs. The grain is twisted, creating a variety of flame figures.
Often resembles a well formed feather. The outside of the block
produces a swirl figure that changes to full crotch flame figure as the
cutting approaches the center of the block.
mostly in Maple or Birch, and is due to the fibers being distorted and
producing a wavy or curly effect in the veneer.
reference to wood veneers commonly found in the United States and North
America as a whole.
strips of veneer used to cover the exposed edges of panel substrates.
This veneer is usually available in rolls of various length and comes
either pre-glued or unglued.
reference to wood veneers not indigenous to or grown in North America.
Some burls and figured woods might also fall into this category.
better side of any plywood panel in which the outer plies are of
different veneer grades. Also veneer spliced to a certain pattern and
cut to exact size.
strong, even, ripple figure as frequently seen on the backs of violins.
It is found principally in Mahogany and Maple; cut occurs sometimes in
pattern produced in a wood surface by annual growth rings, rays, knots,
deviations from natural grain such as interlocked and wavy grain, and
irregular coloration. Appears across the grain. Mottle, fiddleback and
raindrop are often called cross figure or cross fire.
figure is developed only in those species which have very heavy
medullary ray growth, specifically Oak, Lacewood, and Sycamore. When
the saw or knife cut is directly on or near to the radial, it is close
to parallel with the medullary ray and therefore develops the "Flake"
called Plain Slicing, it is the most
common method of veneer manufacturing, producing a grain pattern known
as cathedral. Because each leaf in the flitch is similar, a consistent
and even matching pattern is possible. Flat cut veneer is ideally
suited for wall panels and furniture.
veneer which is joined, processed, sanded and backed with paper or
other material to create a fully ready to use dimensional sheet of real
of a log made ready for cutting into veneers.
After cutting, all bundles are laid together in sequence as they were
A-F G-L M-R
More Helpful Veneer Hints:
to Judge Spray Adhesive Coverage
Veneer Application Guide
PVA Glue Method
Veneer is Cut
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